Presidentene i Etiopia og Eritrea møttes i begynnelsen av juli for første gang etter krigsutbruddet mellom de to landene for 20 år siden. Og ikke bare det, de undertegnet en vidtrekkende samarbeidsavtale som umiddelbart ble fulgt opp med at telefonlinjene mellom de to landene ble åpnet og Ethiopian Airlines erklærte at de vil begynne å fly til Asmara i løpet av få dager. De to utenriksministrene leder en felles komite som skal ha ansvaret for å overvåke normaliseringsprosessen mellom landene. Dette er en utvikling som de fleste ville betrakte som utenkelig for bare få måneder siden. Hvis denne prosessen sementeres vil det selvsagt få stor betydning for de to landene med til sammen rundt regnet 110 millioner innbyggere, men det kan også få merkbare og foreløpig uoversiktlige konsekvenser for det politiske bildet i store deler av Afrika.
Vi gjengir en artikkel som reflekterer gleden over utviklingen som ganske sikkert er felles for store grupper av befolkningen i de to landene. Artikkelen er hentet fra det uavhengige nettstedet www.opride.com som vi vil anbefale for de som ønsker å følge denne utviklingen. Et annet interessant nettsted er det statskontrollerte etiopiske nettstedet www.ena.et/en. Når det gjelder å dekke utviklingen i forholdet mellom de to landene, kan vi gå ut fra at det gjenspeiler korrekt den etiopiske regjeringens syn på utviklingen.
The unthinkable, improbable sight of the Ethiopian Prime Minister warmly embracing his Eritrean counterpart on the Asmara International Airport tarmac while thousands of onlookers ululated, danced and waved palm branches sparked an outpouring of joy and optimism among nationals of both countries. The two governments announced a new era of restored economic, diplomatic and social ties. Twenty years of friction and uncertainty appears to have drawn to a close as the two states are no longer on a war footing.
“This was unimaginable merely months ago,” said Ethiopian national Tizita Yohannes, a community development professional currently based in Melbourne Australia. “It’s an epic day of historical proportions in the Horn of Africa. I feel a deep sense of joy and pride.”
Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s arrival in Asmara was the first of an Ethiopian leader to Eritrea in twenty years. The two countries have been political archrivals since the breaking out of military hostilities between the two back in 1998. The devastating war which left around a hundred thousand dead on both sides may have ended in 2000, but the two countries had been at a perpetual state of war ever since. The regional enmity kept the inhabitants of both countries economically, socially cut off from each other for decades.
Despite some skepticism, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s announcement during his inauguration speech last April that he intended on pursuing a thawing of relations with Eritrea was generally welcomed. But when the government announced its intention to relinquish control of the disputed territory of Badme to Eritrea, the ball was well and truly running. Yesterday’s visit was the culmination of these efforts. Once deemed a pipe dream, Ethiopia and Eritrea have officially reconciled and people from both sides of the border are clearly delighted.
The possibility of reuniting with long lost relatives and family has all of a sudden become a whole lot more realistic for many. “Words can’t describe how happy and thankful I am,” said Roman Vincenzo, an Ethiopian Eritrean mother of seven, living in Addis Ababa. “Just thinking about seeing my father’s relatives again is overwhelming. Sentiments aside, we might be a long way off from comprehensive peace, but we sure are on the right track!”
The no peace no war standoff between Asmara and Addis Ababa, kept two historically meshed societies that share common languages, cultures and faiths on opposite sides of a heavily militarized joint border. After the Ethiopian government’s decision to deport tens of thousands of Eritreans from Ethiopia, entire families were separated, split either side of the minefields and trenches where so many young soldiers died between 1998-2000. Further exacerbating the geopolitical situation was the fact that each government would pursue a policy of funding and arming opposition rebel groups seeking to overthrow the other. But as Eritrean mothers clad in celebratory attire lined down the streets gathered to bless the visiting Ethiopian Prime Minister, his Chief of Staff Fitsum Arega tweeted that the phone lines between the two countries, disconnected twenty years ago had been reconnected. Flights between the two countries, the opening of embassies among other things would follow soon, he wrote.
“In tears of joy!” tweeted Siyane Aniley, a Phd student at Addis Ababa University, clearly overcome by emotion. Siyane explained her personal attachment to Eritrea. “My father is today an NGO director. But before his rise to prominence, he left his hometown in Illubabor, Oromia, to study in Asmara. Eritreans were always nice to him during the days where as a student, he’d wash his professor’s clothes for pockey money. Now that he is an established professional, he has always wanted to return to Asmara with his children. My father remains in love with Eritrea!”
“From now on July 8th is officially a holiday for me,” was how Semhar Araia, Eritrean American lawyer, and community activist summed up her feelings after processing the news. She would later state that her joy would be complete with Ethiopia’s keeping true to its word about withdrawing its troops from Badme.
“Maybe a friendly (football) match?” Eritrean football journalist Daniel Solomon obviously has his own proposal of how things should proceed next. His Ethiopian counterpart, Soccer Ethiopia and BBC football contributor Omna Taddele appears to echo his thoughts. “Now I want to see the Ethiopian national team play an exhibition vs Eritrea at Nigist Saba Stadium,” he tweeted, “and of course, I want to report on the game from Asmara!”
The reconciliatory gestures have made shockwaves across the continent and around the world as well. Rwandan President Paul Kagame saluted both leaders and commended them for “doing the right thing for their people.” A week ago the leader of the global Catholic church Pope Francis applauded the initiatives of both countries.
A full 24 hours after Abiy first set foot on Eritrean soil, Ethiopian and Eritrean social media forums are still full of celebratory, uplifting messages. The day that ties between the two countries were restored was clearly a long awaited occasion. The dawn of a new era that ends one of Africa’s most contested political rivalries. There is talk of Ethiopian artists traveling to Asmara to organize concerts and vice versa. Online discussion threads primarily consist of people drawing up their cross border vacation plans as people seek to cross over what still remains a heavily mined border closed off to any sort of travel.
While a consensus on the need to turn the page on decades of conflict has clearly been reached, there is also the collective sentiment that all must be done to permanently halt the cycle of war.
“May this last,” wrote renowned Ethiopian women’s rights activist and lawyer, Blen Sahilu. “May it be a moment we tell our grandchildren about. May we never raise arms against each other ever again. May we have more peacemakers on both sides of the border.”
As collected and farsighted as she is, even she couldn’t help feel as giddy by the monumental occasion as her compatriots. Her statement was preceded by her saying “what a time to be alive!”